The Hindu Editorial With Vocabulary ( 20 Dec 2017 ) : Speedy, decisive: on trial courts awarding death penalty

The Hindu Editorial With Vocabulary,

  • Two crimes ended in death sentences for the principal perpetrators last week — one emblematic in the way it sought to uphold caste pride and the other an abominable instance of sexual violence against women. The High Courts of Madras and Kerala would decide later whether to confirm the death penalty, but the trial courts have sent out a significant message that one need not always be cynical about the country’s criminal justice system; that there are times when it responds well, and responds quickly, to the cry for justice.
  • In these cases, one involved the murder of Shankar, a Dalit youth, for marrying Kausalya, who is from an intermediate caste, and incurring her family’s wrath. The other related to the rape and murder of a Dalit law student by a migrant worker. Both crimes took place in the first half of 2016. For Indian courts to render a final verdict within two years is unusual, therefore probably deserving of praise. That the Sessions Court in Tirupur and the one in Ernakulam both imposed the maximum punishment speaks of a commitment to rendering justice. This is a noteworthy and welcome departure from the uninspiring record of tardy trials and perfunctory orders. The Tirupur trial will be remembered for Ms. Kausalya’s courageous deposition, as an eyewitness and the survivor of a murderous attack, and as one with an intimate knowledge of her family’s antipathy towards her slain husband. That she testified against her parents as well as the dangerous gangsters hired by her father to commit the crime is a commentary on her fortitude.
  • It is perhaps a sign of the times that both State governments bestowed considerable attention on securing justice in these cases, getting the investigation supervised at a high level and appointing special prosecutors. Given the public outcry over the two crimes, any other course would have been unacceptable. In recent years, quick trials and condign punishment have become the order of the day. Besides the ‘Nirbhaya’ gangrape and murder in Delhi, the Shakti Mills gang rape case in Mumbai and the rape of a passenger by a Delhi taxi driver are significant instances. However, it is odd and discomfiting that all such cases end in condemning the convicts to death. Trial courts appear to be under pressure to be seen as ruthless and unwavering, resulting in their reflexively awarding the death penalty. In these two latest cases, the superior courts may well reduce the sentences on a balance of mitigating and aggravating circumstances. But one cannot ignore the core message that efficient investigation and speedy trials help foster trust in the justice system.

Vocabulary:

Perpetrator: a person who carries out a harmful, illegal, or immoral act.
Example: The perpetrators of this horrific crime must be brought to justice

Emblematic: serving as a symbol of a particular quality or concept.
Example: This case is emblematic of a larger problem
Synonyms: symbolic, representative, demonstrative, suggestive

Abominable: causing moral revulsion.
Example: The uprising was suppressed with abominable cruelty
Synonyms: loathsome, detestable, hateful, odious, obnoxious, despicable

Cynical: believing that people are motivated by self-interest; distrustful of human sincerity or integrity.
Example: Her cynical attitude

Incur: become subject to something unwelcome or unpleasant as a result of one’s own behavior or actions.
Example: I will pay any expenses incurred
Synonyms: bring upon oneself, expose oneself to, lay oneself open to, run up

Render: provide or give a service, help, etc.
Example: Money serves as a reward for services rendered
Synonyms: give, provide, supply, furnish, contribute, offer, proffer

Noteworthy: interesting, significant, or unusual.
Example: It is noteworthy that no one at the bank has accepted responsibility for the failurSynonyms: notable, interesting, significant, important, remarkable, impressive

Courageous: not deterred by danger or xample: Her courageous human rights work
Synonyms: brave, plucky, fearless, valiant, valorous, intrepid, heroic

Fortitude: courage in pain or adversity.
Example: She endured her illness with great fortitude
Synonyms: courage, bravery, endurance, resilience, mettle, moral fiber

Bestow: confer or present an honor, right, or gift.
Example: The office was bestowed on him by the chief of state
Synonyms: confer on, grant, accord, afford, endow someone with, vest in

Outcry: an exclamation or shout.
Example: An outcry of spontaneous passion
Synonyms: shout, exclamation, cry, yell, howl, roar, scream, holler

Ruthless: having or showing no pity or compassion for others.
Example: A ruthless manipulator
Synonyms: merciless, pitiless, cruel, heartless, hard-hearted, cold-hearted

Foster: encourage or promote the development of something.
Example: The teacher’s task is to foster learning
Synonyms: encourage, promote, further, stimulate, advance