The Hindu Editorial With Vocabulary ( 02 Jan 2018 ) :By evidence alone : On the 2008 Malegaon blast trial

The Hindu Editorial With Vocabulary,

  • There are occasions when not only the accused but the criminal justice system itself is on trial. The case relating to the Malegaon blast of 2008 is one such. By overruling the National Investigation Agency’s finding that key members of a Hindu right-wing group called Abhinav Bharat were not involved in the explosion that killed at least six persons and wounded over a hundred in the Maharashtra town, the Special Court in Mumbai has chosen to let the evidence decide their guilt or innocence.
  • It has framed charges against them for conspiracy, murder and other offences, including under the provisions of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act. The Anti-Terrorism Squad of the Maharashtra police and the NIA have come to varying conclusions on the culpability of Abhinav Bharat members. The ATS chargesheet claims it was primarily a conspiracy hatched by Sadhvi Pragya Singh Thakur and Lt. Col. Prasad Purohit, among others. In a supplementary chargesheet, the NIA concluded there was either no or insufficient evidence to proceed against some of them. Special Judge S.D. Tekale has chosen to steer clear of pronouncing his decision on which of the two he would go by. Where two conflicting reports are on record, he ruled it is better to go through the trial and consider the evidence it brings. His decision is the right one and it rises above the competing narratives of the two agencies.
  • What made this case politically sensitive was the debate over whether ‘Hindu’ or ‘saffron’ terror had come into being given the alleged role of an organisation with the objective of establishing ‘Hindu Rashtra’ in the country. Initially, an Islamist group was accused of being behind the blasts that took place in September 2006 at Malegaon, killing 37 people, but a later chargesheet said the perpetrators belonged to a group of Hindu activists. It took nearly ten years for those initially arrested to be discharged, for want of evidence. These factors cast an unfortunate shadow on the trial related to the 2008 case. Allegations surfaced that the NIA prosecutor was under pressure to dilute the charges against Pragya and others. Against this backdrop, it is better that the evidence, whether substantive or dodgy, is assessed at a trial, lest it be said later that there was any miscarriage of justice. Based on preliminary material, the judge has thrown out charges under the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act. He has discharged three persons for want of evidence, and sent two to regular courts to be tried under the Arms Act. The rest will face trial. This decision augurs well for the integrity of the process, as it is the best way to put at rest suspicion that one agency tried to frame the suspects, while another was deliberately soft. It is important that this trial, although agonisingly delayed, is nothing but fair.

Vocabulary:

Occasion: a particular time or instance of an event.
Example: On one occasion I stayed up until two in the morning
Synonyms: time, instance, moment, juncture, point, event, occurrence
Antonyms: misfortune

Involve: a situation or event include something as a necessary part or result.
Example: His transfer to another school would involve a lengthy assessment procedure
Synonyms: require, necessitate, demand, call for, entail, mean, imply
Antonyms: abandon, disassociate, release, explain

Explosion: a violent and destructive shattering or blowing apart of something, as is caused by a bomb.
Example: A medic had found her on the platform near one of the commuter trains that had been ripped apart by twin bomb explosions .
Synonyms: detonation, eruption, blowing up, bang, blast, boom, kaboom
Antonyms: Imploison

Innocence: the state, quality, or fact of being innocent of a crime or offense.
Example: They must prove their innocence
Synonyms: guiltlessness, blamelessness, irreproachability
Antonyms:badness, evil, impurity, blame, guilt, Sin

Culpability: responsibility for a fault or wrong; blame.
Example: A level of moral culpability
Synonyms: guilt, blame, fault, responsibility, accountability, liability

Conflict: a serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one.
Example: The eternal conflict between the sexes
Synonyms: dispute, quarrel, squabble, disagreement, dissension
Antonyms: truce, stability, peace, calm,harmony

Narrative: a spoken or written account of connected events.
Example: The hero of his modest narrative
Synonyms: account, chronicle, history, description, record, report
Antonyms: rambling

Perpetrator: a person who is responsible for a crime or other misdeed.
Example: The culprits behaved like seasoned thugs but claimed that they were guardians of law and order.
Synonyms: guilty party, offender, wrongdoer, miscreant, criminal

Substantive: having a firm basis in reality and therefore important, meaningful, or considerable.
Example: There is no substantive evidence for the efficacy of these drugs
Antonyms: adjective, nonmeaningful, unessential, inessential, procedural, meaningless

Dodgy: dishonest or unreliable.
Example: A dodgy secondhand car salesman
Antonyms: artless, safe

Suspicion: a very slight trace of something.
Example: A suspicion of a smile
Synonyms: trace, touch, suggestion, hint, soupçon, tinge, shade
Antonyms: assurance, belief, certainty, confidence, conviction, decision