The Hindu Editorial With Vocabulary ( 04 Jan 2018) Questionable remedy : On the National Medical Commission Bill

The Hindu Editorial With Vocabulary,

  • The decision of the Lok Sabha to send the National Medical Commission Bill to a standing committee for a relook is the right one. First proposed in 2016, the Bill aims to overhaul the corrupt and inefficient Medical Council of India, which regulates medical education and practice.
  • But despite its plus points, the NMC isn’t the game-changing legislation it could have been. One of its goals is to rein in corruption in the MCI through greater distribution of powers. This is sought to be accomplished through an independent Medical Advisory Council to oversee the National Medical Commission, the proposed successor of the MCI. But all members of the NMC are members of the Council, undermining the latter’s independence. This, and other concerns, must be addressed. Perhaps the most controversial provision of all is for a bridge course allowing alternative-medicine practitioners to prescribe modern drugs. One motivation could be to plug the shortfall of rural doctors by creating a new cadre of practitioners. But if this was the rationale, better solutions exist.
  • The shortfall of MBBS doctors is partly due to the fact that many of them seek a post-graduate degree to improve career prospects. MCI regulations prevent even experienced MBBS doctors from carrying out procedures like caesarians and ultrasound tests, while nurses are barred from administering anaesthesia. Empowering doctors and nurses to do more is a reform many have called for, and that would have been easier to implement than a bridge course for AYUSH practitioners. Yet, the NMC Bill hasn’t taken it up. Another way to bolster healthcare delivery is a three-year diploma for rural medical-care providers, along the lines of the Licentiate Medical Practitioners who practised in India before 1946. Chhattisgarh tried this experiment in 2001 to tackle the paucity of doctors it faced as it was formed. Graduates from such a three-year programme would only be allowed to provide basic care in under-served pockets. Massive protests by the Indian Medical Association and poor execution derailed the Chhattisgarh experiment, but the idea wasn’t without merit. India has no choice but to innovate with health-care delivery models to tackle the challenges it faces. The trick is to base these innovations on evidence. There is plenty of evidence that MBBS doctors and nurses can do more than they are legally allowed to do. But integrating alternative-medicine practitioners into modern medicine requires a lot more thought. The government will do well to empower existing doctors before attempting more ambitious, and questionable, experiments.

Vocabulary

Inefficient: not achieving maximum productivity; wasting or failing to make the best use of time or resources.
Example: An old, inefficient factory
Synonyms: ineffective, ineffectual, unproductive, incompetent, inept, incapable
Antonyms: expeditious, cost-efficient, high-octane, streamlined, economic

Distribution: the action of sharing something out among a number of recipients.
Example: She had it printed for distribution among her friends
Synonyms: giving out, dealing out, doling out, handing out/around, issue
Antonyms: concentration, tightness, denseness, density, compactness

Perhaps: used to express uncertainty or possibility.
Example: Perhaps I should have been frank with him
Synonyms: maybe, for all one knows, it could be, it may be, it’s possible

Overhaul: a thorough examination of machinery or a system, with repairs or changes made if necessary.
Example: A major overhaul of environmental policiesSynonyms: service, maintain, repair, mend, fix up, rebuild, renovate

Rationale: a set of reasons or a logical basis for a course of action or a particular belief.
Example: He explained the rationale behind the change
Synonyms: reason(s), reasoning, thinking, logic, grounds, sense, principle

Prospect: the possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring.
Example: There was no prospect of a reconciliation
Synonyms: likelihood, hope, expectation, anticipation

Bolster: a long, thick pillow that is placed under other pillows for support.
Example: Sessions were kept short or broken for comfort breaks so that she could be re-positioned with supporting pillows and bolsters .
Synonyms: strengthen, reinforce, boost, fortify, renew, support, sustain, buoy up

Paucity: the presence of something only in small or insufficient quantities or amounts; scarcity.
Example: A paucity of information
Synonyms: scarcity, sparseness, sparsity, dearth, shortage, poverty
Antonyms: dissipation, excess, exorbitance, extravagance, intemperance

Derail: cause a train or trolley car to leave its tracks accidentally.
Example: A train was derailed after it collided with a herd of cattle
Synonyms: rise, skip over, startle, pass over, chute, jumpstart, jump-start
Antonyms: continual, found

Ambitious: having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed.
Example: His mother was hard-working and ambitious for her four children
Synonyms: aspiring, determined, forceful, pushy, enterprising, motivated
Antonyms: shiftless, easy, unambitious, ambitionless